What methods does phishing use?
Phishing refers to the act of tricking someone into clicking a link that the attacker controls. You can visit a fake website by clicking on the link in one of the examples. Phishing attempts can also take the form of texts, social media messages, deceptive websites, voicemail messages, or even direct phone calls. A postal phishing attack may also ask for a victim’s email address or web address.
You can create a phishing site that looks as real as a real one. In their study, researchers found that many people weren’t paying enough attention to realize that phishing emails and websites were fake, even though there was almost always evidence that they were fake (see below).
The following methods can be used in phishing attacks.
Links to dangerous websites
Malicious web links are usually included in phishing emails. You may be asked to enter your credentials into a fake but legitimate-looking registration page. As well as collecting your personal information, these websites typically download malicious software onto your computers, such as adware or ransomware.
Attachments that could be dangerous
Attachments that contain malicious macros are typically Microsoft Word, Excel, or other Microsoft Office documents. Malicious macros can download and install malicious software. Besides sending data from your laptop or desktop computer to another location, they can search for almost anything found on your computer or network. Phishing attacks can use any type of document as an attachment, including fax documents that are downloaded to your computer and viewed.
Form for entering fraudulent data
False data entry forms usually look like links to your bank. Filling out the fake data entry form allows [criminals] to gain access to sensitive information, such as login details, account numbers, and any other information that can be used to steal your identity or commit other types of fraud, such as doxxing.
Forms used by fraudsters to collect login credentials for social media or work are popular. Facebook has implemented two-factor authentication that requires a one-time password due to fake Facebook logins being so common. Twitter and LinkedIn have also implemented two-factor authentication.
Fishing Lines in General
Phishing emails are often written with an emphasis on urgency, according to Schachner. A loss of financial access can evoke emotional reactions. You can also use large events to make it appear that the recipient needs to click a link immediately. In response to the Covid-19 Pandemic, for example, new phishing subject lines appeared, including links to test sites or vaccines.
Phishing via short messages: smishing
Cyber threats to cell phone text message privacy are a growing concern for the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Division’s IT Directorate, which offers tips to help Army officers avoid this scam.
Cybercriminals use text messages or short messaging services (SMS) to trick consumers into clicking links in the messages, similar to email scams.
Smishing is very similar to email phishing, except that the message is received on a smartphone as an SMS message or text message. Cybercriminals are using both social engineering tactics to install malware on your device or to obtain your personal information.
Cybercriminals are well-positioned in the United States, where around 290 million people use smartphones. Vishing and robocalls are voice phishing attacks used by criminals to steal personal information, including financial and credit card information, from mobile phone users, and even landline subscribers. It has been recommended that people ignore or hang up on these types of calls, register the receiving number with the National Do Not Call Registry through the Federal Trade Commission, or block the number via their cell phone.
Cybercriminals are also increasing their use of smishing. Officials with CID say this fraudulent message may contain links, compromise the recipient’s personal information, or use the recipient’s personal information to commit fraud. To get a response to your request for cybercrime, please request a reply. Cybercriminals can come up with an unlimited number of smishing messages and fraudulent topics, as well as various phone numbers.
The most common smashing attacks
Fraudulent account activity or locked accounts –
The recipient receives a message informing them that their credit card or financial account has been compromised. It leads to a website that mimics the recipient’s personal information or financial information by using a link that looks like a real web address for their financial institution.
The prize winner scam –
We all love winning prizes. The recipient of a text message indicating that they have won the prize may be convinced, even if they do not enter the contest. Cybercriminals typically provide a link to a reward website or ask the recipient for personal information to collect the prize.
Delivery Updates for Purchases and Packages –
No matter if you shop online or not, you will receive a text message with an update about your purchase or delivery. An online retailer or shipping company has been listed as the legal name of the link in the message. When the link is clicked, malware is downloaded to the smartphone, possibly compromising the device or causing a mocking website to request personal information from the recipient.
Messages from IRS scammers –
Taxes for 2021 are due in April. The IRS sends content messages regarding
- re-calculating tax refunds,
- requesting financial and other personal information to process refunds,
- requesting information to avoid prosecution,
- requesting information to avoid the recipient’s social security number, and
- other tax-related messages Multiple.
There are still new ways for cybercriminals and scammers to compromise users. Using the CID’s cyber directorate will help you avoid being victimized and be aware of the threats that today’s technology poses.
Visit the ExterNetworks blog for more information about How to Identify Vishing and Phishing Attacks and computer security tips.